Each research and technological development (RTD) programme includes provisions for the training of researchers in the specific scientific field covered. These training actions take a variety of forms (research training grants, short-term courses, etc.) and are usually implemented as accompanying measures of the specific programmes.
In addition, it is recognized that more general measures to develop human resources are needed which focus on training through research in non predefined areas. This is the objective of the Training and Mobility of Researchers (TMR) Programme, a substantial part of which is devoted to award of research training grants.
The purpose of the Community scheme is to enable researchers to acquire either fresh knowledge in a new field or a deeper knowledge and a wider competence in their own scientific area. In this way, the scheme should contribute towards improving the quality and increasing the scientific potential of the Community and of its Associated States. Through the scheme, researchers will have the opportinity to train, specialise or impart their knowledge in a laboratory of their choice in another country.
The advantages of establishing such a unified scheme are:
The above text is taken from the Information Package of the Fourth Framework Programme (1994-1998) of the European Union regarding the Research Traning Grants scheme.
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