Viscous evolution of 2D dipolar vortices

J.H.G.M. van Geffen and G.J.F. van Heijst
Fluid Dynamics Research 22, 191--213 (1998)


Numerical simulations with a finite difference method have revealed that a Lamb dipole when placed in a viscous fluid moves along a straight line with decreasing velocity and increasing radius. The relationship between vorticity and streamfunction, which initially is linear, becomes more and more sinh-like as the dipole decays. Some other initial dipolar vorticity distributions (like two oppositely signed monopolar vortices) were found to evolve to a dipolar structure with Lamb-like characteristics.


   1. Introduction
   2. The numerical model
      2.1 Governing equations
      2.2 A finite difference method
      2.3 Viscous decay of a Rankine vortex
   3. Theory of the Lamb dipole
   4. Simulation of the Lamb dipole
      4.1 The Lamb dipole at t=0
      4.2 The Lamb dipole at t=100
      4.3 The evolution of the Lamb dipole
      4.4 The fate of the decaying Lamb dipole
      4.5 The effect of the magnitude of the Reynolds number
   5. Other symmetrical dipolar vortices
      5.1 Circular dipole with uniform vorticity patches
      5.2 Dipole consisting of two elliptic uniform monopoles
      5.3 Dipole consisting of two elliptic Bessel-type monopoles
   6. Concluding remarks

Full paper (1.4MB)

<=== main publication list
<=== list of papers for which 'nsevol' is used

Jos van Geffen -- Home  |  Site Map  |  Contact Me

last modified: 19 July 2016